Nacogdoches County was an original county in Texas. It was created in 1836, organized in 1837 and named for Indians in the area. Located in one of Texas most historic areas, Nacogdoches, The county seat is the oldest in Texas.
Nacogdoches County is in the middle of the East Texas area of the state on a divide between the Angelina and Attoyac Rivers. It is hilly with red, gray and sandy soils. It serves as the upper drainage for Sam Rayburn Reservoir which lies at the southern tip of the county. The first Texas oil was found here at Oil Springs in 1866.
Recreation in Nacogdoches includes historic sites, fishing, hunting and National Forest activities. Agriculture is the major employer in the county. The county is the leading broiler producing county in the state. Farm income for 1998 was $216 million which ranked the county 8th out of 254 Texas counties. Other major commodities are beef cattle and forestry.
Nacogdoches County is not part of a Metropolitan area. In 1996 population of 56,161 ranked 50th in the State, 58% of that population was urban while 42% was rural. In 1996, the county had a per capita personal income of $17,352. This ranked 133rd in the State, and was 78 percent of the State average and 71percent of the national average. The average growth rate of PCPI over the past 10 years was 4.3 percent, compared to 4.8 percent for the state average. 1997 population estimates are 60,121 with a growth of 9.8%. 23% are below the poverty level. Of the population 76% are white, 16% Black, 7% Hispanic and 1% other.
Nacogdoches County is home to Stephen F. Austin State University.